STUDY

グループディスカッションのコツ【日本語版】

多くの人は、英語でディスカッションすることを苦手としています。

しかし、そんな人でもいくつかのポイントを押さえるだけで、簡単にディスカッションに参加できるようになります。

今回は、それらのポイントを紹介します。

参加者のポイント

ディスカッションでは積極的に発言することが重要です。

しかし、言いたいことを上手く英語に訳せないがために、発言を躊躇してしまう人がよくいます。

ここでは、あなたを助ける発言の型を勉強していきましょう。

State a fact

Remarks basically need to be factual.

Even if it’s your own idea, you have to base it on the facts.

Also, when you state the facts, you must also state the source.

Example

I hear that …

I saw on the news last night that …

According to … ,

Give an opinion

 

Example

I think that …

In my opinion, …

Ask a factual question

 

Example

What is …?

How many …?

Who …?

Ask an opinion question

 

Example

What do you think …?

What’s your opinion about …?

Draw a conclusion

 

Example

So, …

It seems that …?

リーダーのポイント

Setting the agenda

Getting started

 

Example

Thank you for coming here today.

Today we’re going to talk about …

Controlling time

 

Example

Let’s talk about _ minutes per person.

For the sake of time, let’s move on to the next person.

Could you please finish up?

Changing topics

 

Example

Thank you, [name]. Now, let’s move on to the next topic.

Concluding a discussion

 

Example

Well, it looks like we have run out of time. So, let’s stop here.

That’s all for today. Thank you very much.

Controlling the participation

Nominating a speaker

Example

[name], what do you think about __?

Taking control

Example

Sorry to interrupt, but …

Changing to a new speaker

Example

Thank you, [name]. Now, let’s move on to the next Speaker.

What do you think about that, [name]?

Controlling a discussion

Questions

Example

Why …?

How …?

Clarifications

Example

What do you mean by that?

Do you mean (that) …?

Summaries

Example

So, in short, …

So, you think …

To sum up, …

Language use

Example

Could you say that in English, please?

How do you say __in English?

Summary